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What causes gum disease?

What causes gum disease? Symptoms and home remedies of gum disease

Gum disease:


The gum disease (gingival disease) is an acute or chronic infection of the gums. So what causes gum disease ? It can be caused by bacteria, but more rarely also by viruses or fungi. The reason is usually insufficient dental hygiene, which leads to a sudden increase in the exciters in the oral cavity. Gingivitis can also be caused by injuries to the gums. More than 80 percent of the adult population shows symptoms of gum disease.

A gum disease (gingivitis) is a bacterial inflammation of the gums caused by plaque, irritation or injury. It starts mostly at the gingival margin or in the area of the interdental papilla (the gum in the interdental space). From there, it can extend over other areas of the gums.

Most periodontal diseases (periodontal diseases) and their consequences can be prevented with a more early therapy, thorough oral hygiene, the motivation of the patient for cooperation and long-term care by the dental team. A periodontal disease can have an effect on the whole body. The inflammatory substances which accumulate in the recessed gingival pockets during periodontitis can be transported through the bloodstream into other areas of the body and cause further diseases. Thus, periodontal disease can significantly affect health.

Gum disease, periodontal disease, chronic inflammation, and infection of the gums and tissues around the tooth are the main reasons for the loss of the molars in 70% of the cases in three of the four adults at different stages of their lives. It is, therefore, all the more important to recognize a periodontal disease in time. Early detection helps the whole body.

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammation of the gums and jawbone, that is, of the entire tooth retaining apparatus. It begins with gingivitis, a gum disease. This is almost the precursor of periodontal disease or periodontal disease. As soon as the jaw bone is inflamed, it is called parodontosis. It can be treated and stopped, but often cannot be completely cured. The chances of healing depend on how far the jaw bone has already been damaged. Bone jaw bones can be rebuilt by periodontal therapy, but only under certain conditions. If the bone defect is too large, the chances of healing disappear.

The different forms of gum disease:

Acute gum disease

Acute gingival inflammation occurs relatively suddenly and only takes a short time. It is recognizable for patients by appropriate symptoms and goes back in the appropriate place usually within a few days with improved oral hygiene.

Chronic gum disease

This form of inflammation is characterized by the fact that it persists for an extended period because the triggering inflammatory stimuli act longer on the gum. For healing, treatment is often necessary.

If a gum disease is not treated, it usually expands to all components of the tooth holding apparatus. Periodontitis develops (inflammation of the periodontal apparatus, dental inflammation, and earlier term: “periodontosis”).

Pregnancy gingivitis

During pregnancy, the hormonal metabolisms of a woman normally become changed. As a result, the soft tissue in the mouth becomes looser and thus more susceptible to gum inflammation and inflammation of the teeth holding apparatus (gingivitis and periodontal disease). According to the current state of science, it is assured that periodontitis can, among other things, increase the risk of a too low birth weight.


What causes gum disease?


The bacteria in the plaque on teeth are the main cause of the disease. Parodontosis is classified according to the types of bacteria that cause. If plaque does not remove daily by teeth brushing and dental floss in time, it hardens and forms a so-called scaling stone. Toxins that are produced by bacteria in the plaque irritate the gums. These toxins weaken the fibers that support the tissue around the tooth and thereby provide a tight fit of the gums on the teeth, resulting in the formation of “pockets” that are even more filled with bacteria and toxins. When the disease progresses, the pockets become deeper and wider, the bacteria penetrate the lower layers of the tissue, bone tissue is not destroyed holding the tooth firmly.

If this colorless, sticky film is not regularly removed by thorough brushing, the harmful bacteria that live in it can cause inflammation of the gingiva (gingivitis). With this inflammation, the first stage of a gingival disease is reached. But even hard dental plaque (the tooth) can be the cause of tooth decay diseases. Dentin is created when the plaque remains too long on the teeth and begins to crystallize, so to solidify. This takes place primarily in areas which cannot be achieved with the toothbrush or only very poorly. These include the interdental spaces as well as the areas above and below the gingival margin. Periodontitis, often referred to as parodontosis, is a bacterium-induced inflammation of the tooth retaining apparatus, which can lead to the destruction of the tooth bed, even to the loss of the tooth. The inflammation process is often slowing, creeping and almost painless.

In addition to any normal oral inspection, dentists routinely perform a gum screening that measures the probable pocket depths to detect not only damage to the teeth but also of the gum and the teeth holding the device at an early stage. Periodontal disease is the most common cause of tooth loss in adults. In the case of regular examinations, you have thus ensured that serious periodontal diseases cannot be overlooked and that adequate therapy can be initiated in time to avoid the progression of the disease and associated consequences.

Gum disease is not as the harmless disease as it may seem at first glance. Of course, if you have inflamed gums and the time you go to a doctor without the disease, figure out why, with timely treatment, there is nothing wrong with that.

Gums are known to environmental teeth. And when it is aroused, it is not so closely adjacent to the tooth, which means that the protective functions naturally weaker, leading to the tooth gap quickly accumulate unwanted microorganisms. The disease develops very quickly.

The cause of the inflammation of the gum tissue is a violation of the applicable hygiene regulations. Routine visits to dentist dentistry twice a month, mouth rinse after each meal exclude diseases of teeth and gums.

However, there are other less common causes of inflammation in the gums. Another source of diseases of the gums can be an abnormality of teeth as a result of the curvature. The curvature of the teeth has a negative effect on the gum tissue. The curvature of the teeth periodontal load becomes uneven and as a result reduces self-cleaning function.

All of this can injure the gums and causes an irritation – even among the reasons of numerous diseases of teeth and especially gums can be an oral injury, burns, improperly installed gaskets, poorly chosen prostheses retrievable. And on the surface of inflammatory fast and simple microbes that develop the process still develop.


Symptoms of gum disease:


These signals are redness, swelling or pressure sensitivity of the gums, bleeding during brushing or dental flossing, gum separation from the tooth, tooth loss, the formation of interstices between the tooth and gum, is constantly present bad breath, change the position of the teeth in bite and change in of the position partial prosthesis. While patients are advised to closely observe the presence of the symptoms mentioned above, cannot have an annoying feeling, no discomfort, or as long as the disease does not develop on the stage where it will be impossible to save the tooth. This is why patients are advised to come to the regular preventative examinations at the dentist. In addition, the gums return, causing a relaxation of the teeth. Each of these symptoms is reason enough to visit the dentist to prevent further damage to the dental fixture and the jaw bone by professional treatment.

Answering the following questions can help you identify possible signs of Gum disease:

  • Does your gum bleed when cleaning, touching or eating?
  • Do your gums feel swollen?
  • Has the gum withdrawn?
  • Does it seem that your teeth have become longer?
  • Have you noticed pus from tooth to gum?
  • Has the position of your teeth changed in a short time?
  • Do you feel an increased mobility of your teeth?
  • Do you suffer from mouth odor?

If you answered “Yes” to one or more of these questions, please contact your dentist immediately. A detailed examination will determine whether periodontitis treatment is indicated for you.

While the plaque can also be removed from the risk areas with dental floss and tooth gaps, the tooth cannot simply be brushed away because it adheres firmly to the tooth surfaces. Here, only a professional scalp removal at the dentist helps, thanks to trained prophylaxis workers and dental hygienists.


What is the role of the dentist ?


In the early stages of treatment, a cleaning and deep processing of the roots of the teeth is the removal of plaque and scalp around the tooth as well as cleaning the root surface of the tooth. In addition to treatment with antibiotics may be necessary to ensure the effect. In most cases, the early tooth cleaning and processing of roots, combined with proper daily care of the teeth, it is sufficient to achieve a positive result.

More severe cases may require surgery, the notched tooth, and removal of hardened plaque on roots, restoration of the damaged bone contour. The procedure also to smooth the root surface and offset weakened gums, which facilitate hygienic area in the future.

For this, the dentist must first produce a finding that includes the severity of the inflammation, the plaque, the mobility of the teeth, and the measurement of the depth of the tissue. Under local anesthesia, the dentist then cleans the teeth with scale, curettes or, in the case of tougher dental plaques, even with a heavier device.

Treatment of gum disease in the initial phase is fast. The complex treatment procedures include the removal of calculus, anti-inflammatory therapeutic procedures, selection of toothpaste and brush, consultation on literacy of hygiene.




Pre-treatment involves the production of hygienic conditions in the oral cavity by the practitioner and the patient himself. First, hard and soft pads are removed from the teeth. You will also receive individual instructions and instructions for your oral care. This is important so you can get the result of this therapy yourself over a long period of time.

During this pretreatment, the general and special tooth and periodontal findings as well as certain hygiene and inflammation parameters are documented, in order to be able to determine changes even after the treatment.


Treatment with drugs


The causes of this form of the disease are the lack of a pressure on chewing teeth and gums, as well as systemic diseases – endocrine disorders, metabolism, circulatory system.

Treatment of gum disease, in this case, begins with an explanation of the cause and source of the development and development of the disease. In other words, to treat the entire body, not just in the mouth. Parallel to the general treatment, the gum massaging and it’s processing with special drugs, strengthening the gum surface. People’s medicine in this disease is not acceptable because it is a serious condition that requires the intervention of professionals.

Dental therapists commonly identify and treat the disease in the early stages of the disease. Some dentists have received therapist supplemental qualification for the treatment of complex cases. In some cases of the inflammatory periodontal disease, it may be useful to identify the germs present, in order subsequently to inhibit their growth and multiplication by means of antibiotics.


Gentle treatment of gums with ultrasound


During the treatment of the tooth root by means of ultrasound, the gum and bone pockets are cleaned extremely effectively and, at the same time, are rinsed with highly effective germ-reducing substances and freed from deposits, bacteria, and inflamed tissue.

This minimally invasive and very gentle, the modern method does not require the gum to be cut open – this is only necessary in very severe cases.

As examination results showed, ultrasonic technology is very effective and has many advantages over traditional techniques. E.g. you have significantly less swelling and pain after treatment, the risk of the gum loss is much lower than it is with classic techniques, which means you have significantly less difficulty with cold / warm sensitivities afterward. Also, the wound dressing of the gums, which is obligatory for earlier techniques, is dispensed with.


Surgical Therapy


In the field of plastic-aesthetic and regenerative periodontal surgery, biological structures lost at the gum are regenerated by very sensitive microsurgical procedures. This makes it possible to transplant, move, replace and regenerate tissue structures.

  • Regenerative-surgical measures for the establishment of lost tissue in the gingiva with appropriate preconditions
  • Covering of exposed root surfaces under appropriate conditions




Periodontitis is a disease with a high risk of recurrence. It may reoccur and may require years of cooperation between the patient and the dentist. Therefore, patients suffering from the periodontal disease should be treated and treated regularly.

After the active treatment phase of periodontal therapy, dentists offer a special follow-up program (recall) in order to secure the treatment results in the long term, since long-term studies have shown that the treatment success is made possible by professional care after treatment.

The recall includes regular investigations, e.g. Measurement of the gingival pockets, control of the individual oral hygiene, possibly renewed oral hygiene support and the removal of hard and soft coverings (professional tooth cleaning). If necessary, the pads are determined again with special, reproducible tests and compared with the preliminary findings.

Thus, the possible re-occurrence of deep gingival pockets can be detected in time and thus stopped.

Even a successful treatment of periodontal disease leads to a failure if the bacterial deposits cannot be sufficiently removed in the long term.

Depending on the individual treatment situation, the interval between the recall appointments can be 3 to 6 months. If you are able to perform an optimal home oral hygiene and regularly participate in the aftercare program, even teeth that have already been loosened can be preserved for many years.


Natural home remedies for gum disease


Daily removal of plaque with a tooth brushing, flossing, and regular hygienic cleaning specialist can significantly reduce the risk of disease. Your doctor will be able to provide you with an individual program of home care procedures that meets the requirements of your case. If the dentist does not check the condition of your gums during the regular visits, it is to ask him. This also applies to children.

The periodontal disease is one of the most common dental diseases in our western industrialized countries with a population spread of about 75%. To treat this disease is one of our specialty disciplines. The 11 home remedies are as follows :


  • Hydrogen peroxide: Hydrogen peroxide is a strong antibacterial agent that can kill plaque bacteria (what causes gum disease) as a mouthwash best price levitra. It is included in many commercially available mouthwashes. A 1% hydrogen peroxide solution is used for the treatment of diseased gums. In the pharmacy is often 3% hydrogen peroxide solution available – dilute this 1: 2 with water. In the morning and in the evening after the brushing, carefully distribute this remedy with the toothbrush over the teeth of the tooth and into the toothpicks. Then rinse the mouth with water, do not swallow the mouthwash.
  • Baking soda: Another home remedy that combats bacterial growth under the gum is baking soda. It is very suitable for alternative periodontal treatment and is safe to use. A mixture of baking soda and some water is used to mix a paste with the finger on the gum and into the space between the teeth. Leave for 10 minutes, then rinse the mouth with water and remove the agent with the toothbrush. Repeat twice daily.
  • Green tea: The alternative treatment of periodontosis is green tea. Studies have shown that green tea can stop parodontitis and gum disease naturally. You drink 2 glasses of green tea every day.
  • Vegetable oil: Oil spoil is an old home remedy for gum disease that heals inflammation, alleviates gum pain and can strengthen gums during periodontal disease. Apply a tablespoon of vegetable oil in the morning and in the evening before brushing the teeth and press through the interdental spaces. After 5 minutes spit out the oil, then brush the teeth.
  • Clove oil: clove oil is a very good home remedy for gum bleeding and pain on the teeth. Several cloves of oil are rubbed on the affected areas several times a day.
  • Aloe vera: The natural remedy Aloe Vera helps against back gums. Aloe Vera Gel is massaged several times daily on the gums. Keep it as long as possible, then it can be swallowed down.
  • Mouthwash with sage and thyme: An old home remedy against gum disease and periodontitis is a mouthwash with sage. Mouthwashes from medicinal herbs such as thyme and sage can quickly relieve tooth decay. They have an anti-inflammatory effect and are used as a home remedy for gum disease. Add two tablespoons of sage or thyme to a cup of hot water. 15 minutes, then strain. Over the day spread, this natural mouth rinses up.
  • Salt periodontosis: Salt water combats harmful bacteria growth on the teeth and helps against caries and periodontitis. The mouth is repeatedly washed daily with a saturated saline solution. In addition, use the toothbrush to massage the salt water into the toothpicks.
  • Tea tree oil: Tea tree oil is a good natural remedy for unwanted bacterial growth in the mouth. Tea tree oil is applied several times daily to the gum.
  • Lemon juice: Lemon juice is a simple home remedy to stop gum infections as well as periodontal disease. Lemon juice is mixed with salt to form a paste which is massaged into the gums. Repeat several times a day.
  • Burdock root: A natural remedy for gum disease is a mouthwash from the burdock root. Add a teaspoon dried burr root to a cup of hot water. 30 minutes, then strain. Use this product to rinse your mouth daily or brush your teeth.


Stir the bones in the jaw through calcium-rich foods such as milk products and green vegetables. Vitamin C strengthens the gums and supports new gums. Citrus fruits and all fruit varieties are recommended here. In light periodontics, a daily portion of raw food can promote health and at the same time strengthen teeth and gums by chewing. To strengthen the gums, a gum massage can be recommended on a daily basis to increase blood circulation. Avoid smoking, stress and sugary foods that promote the decline in gums.


Proper oral hygiene:

The teeth should be cleaned after every meal. With dental floss, you can remove food residues between your teeth. Against too many plaque bacteria in the mouth and mouth odor can help a tongue scraper. A professional cleaning of the teeth twice a year can cause the teeth to radiate again.

The mentioned home remedies help against periodontal disease and can stop gum disease when applied for several weeks.

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